Infection Control Guidelines

Helping prevent the spread of infection in your facility

In the event of an outbreak, health systems will most likely be overwhelmed and understaffed. It will be critical to limit nosocomial spread of the virus to protect healthcare workers, prevent the hospital from being a disease amplifier and protect uninfected patients from becoming infected. Employing strict infection control precautions will help contain the spread of the virus in the facility.

Click here to view the complete WHO Interim Infection Control Guidelines.

According to WHO Interim Infection Control Guidelines:

  • Confine all patients with confirmed or suspected cases of the pandemic virus as quickly as possible in a private, negative pressure, airborne isolation room to prevent the spread of the disease.
  • Limit patient movement. If transport is necessary, mask the patient. All staff involved in the transport should be in full personal protective equipment.
  • Clean areas contacted by the patient with 70% alcohol or disinfectant with virucidal capability.

Click here for a flowchart of when to initiate infection control precautions.    


Respiratory Hygiene

Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette in Healthcare Settings The concepts of respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette involve using source control measures to prevent patients with respiratory infections from transmitting their infection to others. To prevent the transmission of all respiratory infections in healthcare settings, including seasonal influenza, the CDC recommends implementing the following infection control measures:

  • Post Visual Alerts for patients and visitors
  • Encourage Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette:
    • Cover nose/mouth with a tissue coughing or sneezing
    • When coughing, use a mask
    • Use disposable tissues and discard after use
    • Use hand hygiene after having contact with respiratory secretions
  • Provide Respiratory Etiquette Materials for Patients and Visitors
  • Offer Masks to Persons Who Are Coughing
  • Separate Persons with Respiratory Symptoms.
  • Advise Healthcare Personnel to Observe Droplet Precautions.

Click here to view CDC's Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette Guidelines


Hand Hygiene

Hand hygiene is perhaps the most critical element in preventing the transfer of microorganisms to the environment or to other people. Perform hand hygiene after touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, and contaminated items, whether or not gloves are worn. Perform hand hygiene immediately after gloves are removed, between patient contacts, and when otherwise indicated to avoid transfer of microorganisms to other patients.